Appetite, Lack of
Bites & Other Wounds
Bladder Stones & Gravel (Urolithiasis)
Burns & Scalds
|Dental Disease & Gingivitis
Epilepsy (Fits or Convulsions)
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
Nasal Catarrh & Sneezing
Strains & Sprains
Vomiting & Retching
Abscesses form when dirty wounds or bites heal over too quickly, leaving infected material trapped inside. They can also appear on the side of the face as the result of a decayed tooth. Painful swelling and skin discolouration occur at the site as the abscess forms. If a tooth is involved, or your dog seems unwell you should see your vet.
Bathe the area with diluted Denes Liquid Garlic to encourage the abscess to burst and release the pus trapped inside. Keep the area clean but do not allow healing to take place until you are sure that all the infected material has been released.
Once the infection has been released and the area is clean apply Denes:
Alternatively once the abscess has burst, bathe the area with
A condition involving under production of stress hormones by the adrenal gland leading to a huge variety of symptoms which can mimic many other diseases.
For further information, see our Fact Sheet on Addison’s Disease
Problems of this type are becoming increasingly common due to the stress placed on the immune system. This can be weakened by environmental pollution, toxins, chemical additives, certain drugs, poor diet, stress and lack of exercise or fresh air.
Skin allergies are very common, particularly to fleas, house dust, pollens and grasses, leading to itching, scratching hair loss, scabs and sores. Food allergies (such as to wheat gluten) or food sensitivity reactions are also being seen more frequently resulting in itching as well as diarrhoea or colitis.
Avoid foods that contain chemical additives and ingredients known to be linked to allergy related problems. The following Denes recipes may be suitable:
Anaemia is a symptom and not an illness in its own right. You must always see your vet to determine the cause. Signs include pale mucous membranes, lethargy, weight loss and poor appetite. Underlying causes include nutritional problems, viral or parasitic infections, haemorrhage and kidney failure.
These are a pair of small glands located either side of your dog’s bottom. Originally used as scent markers, their only function now is to act as drainage points for toxins produced by the body.
The glands can fail to empty properly or become infected leading to irritation or discomfort. If this happens, your dog may lick around its bottom or drag its backside along the ground. Ask your vet to empty the glands if the problem persists.
Extra roughage in the diet will often help. The following Denes products may be of benefit:
Alternatively feed a recipe with a higher fibre content. The following Denes recipe may be suitable:
Some dogs are just fussy feeders, but normally a change in appetite in an otherwise healthy dog can be a sign of illness or a mouth problem. Always check with your vet if there is a sudden change in your dog’s feeding pattern.
Avoid foods that contain chemical additives. Some dogs are able to detect these and will refuse to eat. Any Denes recipe is suitable.
Ageing, wear and tear, injury, infection and poor feeding can cause degeneration of the joints leading to arthritis. Stiffness and pain are the main symptoms causing lameness and a reluctance to exercise. You may also notice your dog having trouble getting up, climbing stairs or starting to drag behind on walks.
For further information see our Fact Sheet on Arthritis and other Joint Problems
A common problem caused by poor diet or, more frequently, by gum disease (gingivitis) or bad teeth. Gingivitis leads to spongy, bleeding gums, a foul smell, increased salivation and difficulty eating. Some mouth problems can be linked with kidney disease and certain viral infections. Always ensure that your vet checks your dog’s teeth regularly.
Ideally feed a diet based on quality natural ingredients, avoiding foods that contain unnecessary chemical additives. Any Denes recipe is suitable. Remember to add hard crunchy foods to exercise your dog’s teeth and gums such as Denes:
For severe cases or where there are kidney problems, try feeding a low protein recipe. The following Denes recipes may be suitable:
For further information see the section on DENTAL DISEASE & GINGIVITIS.
Your own vet may be able to help with some of these problems. Alternatively seek help from a behavioural specialist if your dog has a serious problem. You will need to be patient as most behavioural problems take time to sort out. Herbal remedies with calming properties are useful in helping with many of these situations, especially since they do not cause drowsiness. When a condition shows signs of improving, try to gradually phase out the treatment.
Avoid all foods containing chemical additives, particularly colours, as these can aggravate some behavioural problems. All Denes recipes are suitable.
These can be difficult to find because the hair often mats over the injury. See your vet if the wound is large or deep, or if it continues to bleed, as stitching may be required.
Dietary factors, insufficient fluid intake, lack of opportunity to urinate and bladder infections can lead to the formation of stones or gravel within the bladder. These arise when minerals dissolved in the urine form crystals, which then join together, forming uroliths, or stones. Check for symptoms such as cystitis, incontinence and difficulty passing urine.
Diet is important in controlling and preventing this condition and will depend on the type of stones present. Follow any advice given by your vet. Always ensure that fresh drinking water is available.
The following Denes recipes may be suitable:
For further information see our Fact Sheet on Bladder Stones and Gravel.
This is mainly a problem in older dogs, which affects the larger air passages and can lead to breathing difficulties. Thick mucus can collect in the airways, causing your dog to cough or wheeze. Always check with your vet to rule out more serious conditions such as heart problems.
Cool the affected area immediately with cold water to minimise the damage caused by the burn.
During healing give Denes:
There is no simple answer to dealing with this serious problem. However, natural remedies and diet can provide supportive treatment in addition to any therapy your vet may give.
To boost the immune system try:
A cataract is a change in the lens of the eye which usually occurs as a result of aging, although cataracts can arise from trauma to the eye and as a result of other conditions such as diabetes. Homeopathic remedies can sometimes slow down the development of cataracts.
Colitis is inflammation of the last part of the bowel, the colon. Symptoms to look out for include diarrhoea with mucus and blood, sometimes accompanied by straining. Fast your dog for 24 hours, then feed a bland diet of chicken or fish with rice or pasta until the symptoms have cleared. Chronic cases sometimes involve food allergies or dietary sensitivity. Additional fibre in the diet can help some cases. The following Denes recipes may be suitable:
Adding the following to your existing food may also be beneficial by supplying extra fibre:
If you suspect that your dog has an allergy, try avoiding foods which contain wheat. The following Denes recipes may be suitable.
Poor digestion, inappropriate diet and weak muscle tone can lead to constipation in older dogs, although damage to the pelvis can also be a factor. Check for large, hard or dry stools. Straining is also a common sign, but remember that this can also be a symptom linked with cystitis or diarrhoea.
Ensure that your dog has plenty of exercise, access to clean, fresh drinking water and that you do not allow your dog to eat cooked bones as these will lead to very hard, chalky-looking stools.
Recipes containing suitable sources of fibre can often help. The following Denes recipe may be suitable:
Alternatively try adding:
This term refers to an animal eating its own stools. In dogs thus can be due a number of conditions which include a poor diet, an imbalance in the bacteria in the bowel or conditions such as pancreatic disease which your vet may need to diagnose.
Any Denes recipe is suitable other than the Light with Chicken with Liver variety.
A condition usually limited to greyhounds or whippets, a corn is a small circular painful area on the underside of the foot within the tissue of the pad. Treatment is often surgical, but if very small the following may be useful.
Coughing can be due to a variety of causes, including viral or bacterial infections (such as kennel cough), foreign bodies, allergies, irritants (such as smoke), heart disease and parasites. It is important to find the cause so always see your vet to be sure. Herbal remedies can provide additional help.
Sometimes called hyperadrenocorticism, this condition involves over-production of the hormone cortisol by the adrenal glands as the result of a tumour. Symptoms include increased thirst and urination, symmetrical hair loss, enlargement of the liver and changes in the skin. Alongside conventional medication we would recommend:
For further information see our Fact Sheet on Cushing’s Disease
Symptoms include incontinence or frequent straining to pass small amounts of urine which may occasionally contain clots of blood. Recurrent bouts of cystitis will need investigation to find the exact cause. Fasting your dog for 24 hours will often help resolve the symptoms.
Any Denes recipe is suitable but avoid over-feeding dry food in recurrent cases.
For further information see the section on BLADDER STONES & GRAVEL
A sebaceous cyst can develop in the skin when a sebaceous gland becomes blocked. This type of cyst can become quite large and may burst or become infected. Interdigital cysts form between the toes either as the result of a blocked hair follicle or from a foreign body, such as a grass seed. These types of cysts appear as small, painful, red swellings which normally burst, releasing infected material.
Plaque build-up on your dog’s teeth can lead to inflammation of the gums or gingivitis. Check for difficulty eating, red inflamed gums, bad breath and drooling of saliva. Abscesses can form on the roots of decayed or infected teeth and may cause swelling on the side of the face.
To exercise the teeth and gums try adding to your dog’s diet:
Pancreatic disease or damage to the pancreas by drugs can lead to diabetes, a failure of the pancreas to produce enough insulin. Symptoms can include increased thirst and appetite accompanied by gradual weight loss. Some dogs will also develop cataracts. Do not allow your dog to become overweight, as this increases the chances of developing diabetes.
Follow any advice given by your vet carefully. In most cases, increasing the level of fibre in the diet is useful. The following Denes recipe may be suitable:
Alternatively, to increase the level of fibre in the diet, try adding:
For further information see our Fact Sheet on Diabetes
There are a great many causes of diarrhoea including bacterial and viral infections, worms, food allergies, dietary sensitivity, liver disease, poisoning and poor or incorrect feeding. Symptoms can vary from soft faeces to liquid watery stools, which may contain blood. Most cases of diarrhoea are short lasting, but some animals will develop a long-term problem. See your vet if your dog is affected and seems to be unwell.
Starve your dog for 24 hours and then aim to feed a bland diet. For both acute and long-term problems the following Denes recipes might be suitable:
The most common problem is ear mites, often affecting younger dogs. These live in the ear canal and cause irritation, which leads to the ear clogging up with crusty, waxy material. Allergy-based skin problems can also affect the ears causing redness, irritation and scratching.
Cleanse daily using Denes Ear Cleaner. Instil a few drops and massage the ears gently, carefully cleaning out any debris with cotton wool swabs. Be careful to avoid inserting the swabs right down into the ear canal. Once the mites have cleared, use Denes Ear Cleaneron a regular basis to keep your dog’s ears clean and free from parasites and wax.
This condition is not common, but can be distressing for both you and your dog. In a large number of cases, the exact cause is not known, but fits can be linked with kidney, liver or heart disease, diabetes, injury or infection. If your dog is having a fit, then darken the room and be as quiet as possible. Most fits last only a short time, but can vary from mild tremors or muscle spasms, to violent thrashing and loss of consciousness. Always seek veterinary advice.
Conjunctivitis can be caused by an infection, but can also be a sign of more serious eye problems, so always check with your vet. For more straightforward problems, bathe the eyes with cold tea.
This can occur between six and eight weeks after a season. Signs include changes in temperament such as becoming snappy or withdrawn, nest building, mothering toys, milk production and reduction in appetite.
Restrict food intake moderately to help reduce milk production.
This can arise from feeding an unsuitable or poor diet or from poor digestion.
Avoid foods that contain soya as this can often cause a problem. All Denes recipes are suitable. The following Denes recipe may be especially suitable:
For some dogs, feeding Denes:
Always consult your vet if you think that your dog has broken its leg. A cast may be applied or the break may be repaired surgically.
This is a common condition, so if you suspect that your dog has a problem, see your vet immediately. Symptoms include reluctance to exercise, coughing due to congestion of the lungs and fluid accumulation in the abdomen. Put your dog on a diet if it is overweight, as obesity will contribute to the problem.
Avoid foods that are high in salt. All Denes recipes have no added salt and are suitable for dogs with low-grade cardiac problems. The following Denes recipes may be suitable:
For further information see Fact Sheet on Heart Disease.
A common problem that affects certain breeds in particular. Check with your vet on the best way of dealing with this problem, but remember that herbal remedies and natural supplements will often help a great deal. Always ensure that you do not allow your dog to exceed its optimum weight.
For further information see our Fact Sheet on Arthritis and other Joint Problems.
Under-activity of the thyroid can lead to obesity, lethargy, poor coat, hair loss and slow heart rate. Hypothyroidism should be diagnosed by your vet.
For your dog to be in peak health and condition, the immune system must be working at its best. Where the immune system is weakened, symptoms of ill health can develop, including allergies, recurrent infections, gingivitis, digestive problems, poor skin and coat and lack of stamina. Remember that a great many factors can affect the way in which the immune system works, including diet, pollution, stress and some drugs.
Avoid foods that contain artificial additives. Any Denes recipe is suitable.
For further information see our Fact Sheet on The Immune System
The condition causes chronic diarrhoea with mucus and sometimes blood mixed with watery or sloppy stools. Occasionally recurrent vomiting may be a symptom. The bowel lining is inflamed and food allergies or food intolerance may occur as a result. Low allergen diets are often recommended.
Where an allergy or food intolerance is suspected try feeding Denes
For further information see our Fact Sheet on helping with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
This is mainly a problem with older, spayed bitches where the bladder sphincter is weak, allowing urine to leak past, especially at rest. Incontinence can also be a symptom of cystitis.
Kidney failure mainly affects older dogs as the kidneys start to wear out. Symptoms include increased thirst, gradual weight loss, vomiting, bad breath, mouth problems and loss of condition. Anaemia can also be associated with kidney disease. Always consult your vet and start treatment as early as possible.
Diet is important. Try to feed a recipe that has lower levels of protein, salt and phosphorus. The following Denes recipe may be suitable.
For further information see our Fact Sheet on Kidney Problems.
The liver is one of the body’s most important organs. Problems can arise due to infections, poisoning, growths and old age. Bouts of vomiting, weight loss, increased thirst, odd coloured soft stools, weakness and jaundice are a few of the signs that can occur.
Try to provide a diet that is free from chemical additives, as these place an unnecessary strain upon the liver in breaking down these chemicals and eliminating them from the body. Ideally, the diet should also be based on high quality protein and contain lower levels of phosphorus and salt. The following Denes recipes may be suitable:
For further information see Fact Sheet on Liver Disease.
This is an inability of the bowel to absorb digested food leading to digestive upsets, diarrhoea, flatulence, poor weight gain or weight loss.
Feed a more concentrated diet, which is highly digestible and based on hypo-allergenic ingredients. The following Denes recipes may be suitable:
Respiratory infections can damage the nose and lead to recurrent bouts of sneezing and catarrh. In some cases this can lead to more severe problems such as sinusitis.
Obesity is a major problem in dogs, but always check with your vet to rule out medical problems that might appear to make your dog seem overweight. Obese animals are more susceptible to heart problems, arthritis, general ill health and have a reduced life expectancy. Remember to avoid feeding titbits and to exercise your dog regularly.
Aim to feed a recipe that is lower in calories and that has a higher fibre level. Increased fibre will help make your dog seem full and reduce the chances of scavenging. The following Denes products may be suitable.
This is a failure of the pancreas to produce enough enzymes to digest food properly. Symptoms include chronic diarrhoea (sometimes containing undigested food), poor weight gain and a depraved appetite. Enzyme supplements are normally successful in managing the disease.
Diet is important in helping control this problem. Try to feed foods that are easily digested and which are low in fat/oil. The following recipes may be suitable:
For further information see our Fact Sheet on Pancreatic Disease.
Most dog owners are familiar with fleas. Look for the tell-tale signs of flea dirt in the coat, which appears as small gritty black particles. Remember that regular grooming with a flea comb is essential to remove fleas from your dog, combined with reducing the flea egg population from the environment by regular vacuuming.
For more information look under the section on ALLERGIES.
This mite is sometimes called ‘walking dandruff’ and will cause your dog to itch and scratch persistently. They can usually be seen with the naked eye, appearing like flakes of dandruff in the skin.
These small, bean-shaped insects attach themselves firmly to a dog’s skin, especially around the head and neck area. Check regularly for ticks during the summer months, removing them carefully by covering in vaseline and leaving them to drop off.
These small round orange mites are just visible to the naked eye. They cause problems in late summer leading to scabs and sores around the head, on the ears and between the toes.
Sarcoptic mange is common and leads to intense itching with hair loss and areas of scabby sore skin. The ears and elbows are often affected first with the infestation spreading gradually over the whole body. Demodectic mange often affects shorthaired breeds and can cause hair loss, scaly areas, infected oozy sores and greasy (seborrhoeic) skin. Itching is normally minimal, but the skin may have a musty odour.
Ensure that your dog is wormed regularly using Tablets from your vet. Puppies usually have roundworms, which they acquire from their mother. These may be vomited up and look like white coiled watch springs. Older dogs may also have tapeworms through ingesting fleas. Check for small, white, rice-like tapeworm segments around your dog’s bottom. Sometimes these appear flattened and move independently.
Feed a good balanced healthy diet and use herbal remedies to strengthen the immune system in order to deter fleas and other parasites as much as possible.
Lack of pigmentation can result in a pale nose or eye rims. Depth of coat colour is also poor. The cause is normally dietary.
Symptoms vary depending on the type of poison and the amount eaten. Look out for lethargy, sudden change in appetite, vomiting, salivation, bleeding or convulsions. Poisoning is always an emergency, so seek help from your vet immediately.
Pregnancy lasts between 63 and 65 days with up to 10 puppies born per litter for some breeds.
Correct feeding is vital, especially in the later stages and during the nursing period. A high energy, high protein diet is essential. The following Denes recipes are ideal for both pregnant and nursing bitches as well as growing puppies:
This can be a problem with some older dogs. Check for symptoms which can include straining to pass stools, difficulty walking or jumping, incontinence and bright red blood clots in the urine. Check with your vet to help diagnose and treat the problem.
This is a problem suffered by older dogs that affects the muscles, ligaments and tendons. Signs include stiffness and difficulty moving or jumping, especially in damp or cold weather. You may also notice your dog stretching a lot.
The most common allergy affecting dogs is to fleas, although some dogs are allergic to certain food ingredients. Affected dogs will itch, scratch and over-groom. Scabs, sores and areas of hair loss are common, leading to dermatitis especially around the tail base. Eczema and dermatitis cover a multitude of other skin symptoms as well, including raw weepy sores and skin infections and problems caused by parasites other than fleas.
Coat and skin condition often reflect general health. If you are worried always ask your vet to check for any underlying causes such as kidney, liver or digestive problems, parasites or allergies. Some cases of alopecia are caused by hormonal problems.
Improve the diet by feeding more natural foods, free from additives. Any Denes recipe will help.
This is a fungal infection. Signs to check for include areas of hair loss and local scaling of the skin. Ringworm is transmissible to people so you should always discuss any possible infection with your vet.
This is sometimes called seborrhoea and may be linked to an underlying problem such as an allergy. The skin is often thickened, itchy, greasy and smells musty.
This problem can occur as a result of chemical irritation or as a result of an allergy.
This is a deep-seated skin problem which causes the skin to become sore, inflamed, red, itchy and to ooze blood or pus. The area around the anus or the feet may be affected. It has an autoimmune basis and is difficult to treat.
Landing or jumping awkwardly can damage ligaments, tendons or muscles leading to discomfort and stiffness, causing your dog to limp. Try to confine your dog to the house for a few days while the injury heals.
This can be a problem for some dogs, either because they are simply frightened or because they are upset by the motion of the car. Always avoid feeding your dog prior to any trip to reduce the chances of vomiting.
It is normal for dogs to vomit from time to time, especially after eating grass. This is natural and helps clear toxins from the system. Bouts of vomiting can be caused by bacterial or viral infections, changes in diet, ingesting foreign material such as plastic or rubber, poisoning or due to kidney or liver disease. If your dog seems ill or the vomiting is persistent, then see your vet.
For simple cases starve your dog for 24 hours then feed a bland white meat based diet. Suitable recipes include Denes:
If your dog is very thirsty, then limit water intake to small amounts given frequently.
Warts are common and take a variety of forms. Depending on size and location, some may require surgical removal.